First use report flies (diptera) to estimate time of death in an indoor case in the Brazilian midwest

Aylson Dailson Medeiros de Moura Eulalio, Michele Castro de Paula, Kamylla Balbuena Michelutti, Fabiane Cassari de Oliveira, Andrelle Caroline de Souza Brum, André Kiyoshi Harada, Guido Vieira Gomes, William Fernando Antonialli Junior

Resumo


As moscas constituem uma classe importante de insetos para a entomologia forense. Eles são os primeiros a colonizar o corpo e são os mais representativos durante a decomposição. Esses insetos são usados principalmente para a estimativa do intervalo post-mortem (PMI), bem como um indicador de morte violenta ou natural. Assim, este estudo relata, pela primeira vez, o uso de dados entomológicos como ferramenta complementar para auxiliar na elucidação de uma investigação criminal realizada no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, na região centro-oeste do Brasil. Neste caso de homicídio, cinco espécies de Diptera pertencentes a duas famílias, Muscidae e Calliphoridae, foram coletadas e identificadas. O cálculo de Grau-Hora Acumulado (ADH) foi realizado utilizando a taxa de desenvolvimento de Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1974), obtida de pesquisas realizadas em condições de laboratório, na mesma temperatura em que as espécies e o corpo foram submetidos. Com base na idade das larvas e seu padrão alimentar, os resultados permitiram estimar o IPMmin e, portanto, inferência sobre a natureza do crime. Nossos resultados demonstram que as moscas podem ser usadas como evidência em investigações criminais, indicando o potencial da entomologia forense na região.

Palavras-chave


Intervalo Pós-Morte; Diptera; Estágio de Desenvolvimento; Grau-Hora Acumulado; Causa da Morte.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


REFERENCES

M.L. Goff; W.D. Lord. Entomotoxicology. A new area for forensic investigation. Am. J. Forensic Med. Pathol. 15(1): 51-57 (1994).

L.M.L. Carvalho; A.X. Linhares. Seasonality of insect succession and pig carcass decomposition in a natural forest area in southeastern Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 46(3): 604-608 (2001) doi: 10.1520/JFS15011J

J.H. Byrd; J.L. Castner. Insects of forensic importance. Byrd y Castner (Eds.). Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations. 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA (2010).

J. Amendt; R. Krettek; R. Zehner. Forensic entomology. Naturwissenschaften 91(2): 51-65 (2004) doi: 10.1007/s00114-003-0493-5

K. Jordaens; G. Sonet; R. Richet; E. Dupont; Y. Braet; S. Desmyter. Identification of forensically important Sarcophaga species (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) using the mitochondrial COI gene. Int. J. Legal Med. 127(2): 491-504 (2013) doi: 10.1007/s00414-012-0767-6.

J. Oliveira-Costa. Entomologia Forense - Quando os insetos são vestígios. Campinas, Millennium; 257 (2013).

C. Ames; B. Turner. Low temperature episodes in development of blowflies: implications for postmortem interval estimation. Med. Vet. Entomol. 17(2): 178-186 (2003) doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2915.2003.00421.x

N. Haskell; E.P. Catts. Entomology and death: a procedural guide. Joyce's Print Shop. Clemson (1990).

D. Charabidze; A. Depeme; C. Devigne; V. Hedouin. Do necrophagous blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) lay their eggs in wounds? Experimental data and implications for forensic entomology. Forensic Sci. Int. 253: 71-75 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.05.025

K.G. Smith. A manual of forensic entomology. Oxford: University Printing House (1986).

V. Bugelli; D. Forni; L.A. Bassi; M. Di Paolo; D. Marra; S. Lenzi; C. Toni; M. Giusiani; R. Domenici; M. Gherardi. S. Vanin. Forensic entomology and the estimation of the minimum time since death in indoor cases. J. Forensic Sci. 60(2): 525-531 (2015) doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12647.21

S. Reibe; B. Madea. How promptly do blowflies colonise fresh carcasses? A study comparing indoor with outdoor locations. Forensic Sci. Int. 195(1-3): 52-57 (2010) doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.11.009

G.S. Anderson. Comparison of decomposition rates and faunal colonization of carrion in indoor and outdoor environments. J. Forensic Sci. 56(1): 136-142 (2011) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01539.x

K.P. Vairo; R.C. Corrêa; M.C. Lecheta; M.F. Caneparo; K.M. Mise; D. Preti; C.J.B. Carvalho; L.M. Almeida; M.O. Moura Forensic use of a subtropical blowfly: the first case indicating minimum postmortem interval (mPMI) in southern Brazil and first record of Sarconesia chlorogaster from a human corpse. J. Forensic Sci. 60, 1-4 (2015) doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12596

J.R. Pujol-Luz; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. One hundred years of forensic entomology in Brazil (1908-2008). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(4): 485-492 (2008a) doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000400001

B. Greenberg. Forensic entomology: case studies. Am. Entomol. 31(4): 25-28 (1985) doi: 10.1093/besa/31.4.25

S.D. Vasconcelos; T.F. Soares; D.L. Costa. Multiple colonization of a cadaver by insects in an indoor environment: first record of Fannia trimaculata (Diptera: Fanniidae) and Peckia (Peckia) chrysostoma (Sarcophagidae) as colonizers of a human corpse. Int. J. Legal Med. 128(1): 229-233 (2014) doi: 10.1007/s00414-013-0936-2

C.J.B.D. Carvalho; C.A.D. Mello-Patiu. Key to the adults of the most common forensic species of Diptera in South America. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(3): 390-406 (2008) doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000300012

M.L. Goff A Fly for the Prosecution: How Insects Evidence Helps Solve Crimes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 240p (2001).

Y. Ramos-Pastrana; M. Wolff. Postmortem interval estimation based on Chrysomya albiceps (Diptera, Calliphoridae) in a forensic case in the Andean Amazon, Caquetá, Colombia. Acta Amazon 47(4): 369-374 (2017).

L.G. Higley; N.H. Haskell Insect development and forensic entomology. In: Byrd JH, Castner JL (eds) Forensic entomology – the utility of arthropods in legal investigations. CRC Press, Boca Raton. pp. 287–302 (2001).

S. Reibe; P.V. Doetinchem; B. Madea. A new simulation-based model for calculating post-mortem intervals using developmental data for Lucilia sericata (Dipt.: Calliphoridae). Parasitol. Res. 107(1): 9-16 (2010) doi: 10.1007/s00436-010-1879-x

E.M.V. Milward-de-Azevedo; V.M. Carraro; C. Martins; O.I. Moreira, M. Cruz; I. Serafin. Desenvolvimento pós-embrionário de Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) em diferentes temperaturas, sob condições experimentais. Arq. Biol. Tecnol. 39(4): 793-798 (1996).

H.L. Luiz; T.L. Taira; W.W. Koller. New records of Muscidae (Diptera) in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. 21(4): 412-414 (2012).

M.C. Paula; G.M. Morishita; C.H. Cavarson; C.R. Gonçalves; P.R. Tavares; A. Mendonça; Y.R. Súarez; W.F. Antonialli-Junior. Action of ants on vertebrate carcasses and blow flies (Calliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 53(6): 1283-1291 (2016) doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw119

M.C. Paula; W.F. Antonialli-Junior; A. Mendonça; K.B. Michelutti; A.D.M.M. Eulalio; C.A.L. Cardoso; T.T. Lima; C.J. Von Zuben Chemotaxonomic profile and intraspecific variation in the blow fly of forensic interest Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 54(1): 14-23 (2017) doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw142

E.P. Catts. Problems in estimating the postmortem interval in death investigations. J. Agricult. Entomol. 9(4): 245-255 (1992).

J.D. Wells; L.R. LaMotte. Estimating maggot age from weight using inverse prediction. J. Forensic Sci. 40(4): 585-590 (1995).

P.J. Thyssen; M.F. Aquino; N.C. Purgato; E. Martins; A.A. Costa; C.G. Lima; C.R. Dias. Implications of entomological evidence during the investigation of five cases of violent death in Southern Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. Res 2: 001-008 (2018) doi: 10.29328/journal.jfsr.1001013

R.P. Hobson. Studies on the nutrition of blow-fly larvae: I. Structure and function of the alimentary tract. J. Exp. Biol. 8(2): 109-123 (1931).

R.P. Hobson. Studies on the nutrition of blow-fly larvae. In: Hobson R.P., eds. The liquefaction of muscle. J. Exp. Biol. 9(4): 359-365 (1932).

C.P. Campobasso; F. Introna. The forensic entomologist in the context of the forensic pathologist’s role. Forensic Sci. Int, 120(1-2): 132-139 (2001) doi: 10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00425-X

J. Oliveira-Costa; M.M. Carneiro. Caso de estudo – Evidências entomológicas associadas à causa jurídica da morte e o intervalo post mortem. Porto Alegre: Resumos do Brasil Forense (2002).

J.R. Pujol-Luz; H. Marques; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; J.A. Rafael; F.H. Santana; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. A forensic entomology case from the Amazon rain forest of Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 51(5): 1151-1153 (2006) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00217.x

J.R. Pujol-Luz; P.A.D.C. Francez; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; R. Constantino. The Black Soldier‐fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), Used to Estimate the Postmortem Interval in a Case in Amapá State, Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 53(2): 476-478 (2008b) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00659.x

REFERENCES

M.L. Goff; W.D. Lord. Entomotoxicology. A new area for forensic investigation. Am. J. Forensic Med. Pathol. 15(1): 51-57 (1994).

L.M.L. Carvalho; A.X. Linhares. Seasonality of insect succession and pig carcass decomposition in a natural forest area in southeastern Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 46(3): 604-608 (2001) doi: 10.1520/JFS15011J

J.H. Byrd; J.L. Castner. Insects of forensic importance. Byrd y Castner (Eds.). Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations. 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA (2010).

J. Amendt; R. Krettek; R. Zehner. Forensic entomology. Naturwissenschaften 91(2): 51-65 (2004) doi: 10.1007/s00114-003-0493-5

K. Jordaens; G. Sonet; R. Richet; E. Dupont; Y. Braet; S. Desmyter. Identification of forensically important Sarcophaga species (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) using the mitochondrial COI gene. Int. J. Legal Med. 127(2): 491-504 (2013) doi: 10.1007/s00414-012-0767-6.

J. Oliveira-Costa. Entomologia Forense - Quando os insetos são vestígios. Campinas, Millennium; 257 (2013).

C. Ames; B. Turner. Low temperature episodes in development of blowflies: implications for postmortem interval estimation. Med. Vet. Entomol. 17(2): 178-186 (2003) doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2915.2003.00421.x

N. Haskell; E.P. Catts. Entomology and death: a procedural guide. Joyce's Print Shop. Clemson (1990).

D. Charabidze; A. Depeme; C. Devigne; V. Hedouin. Do necrophagous blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) lay their eggs in wounds? Experimental data and implications for forensic entomology. Forensic Sci. Int. 253: 71-75 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.05.025

K.G. Smith. A manual of forensic entomology. Oxford: University Printing House (1986).

V. Bugelli; D. Forni; L.A. Bassi; M. Di Paolo; D. Marra; S. Lenzi; C. Toni; M. Giusiani; R. Domenici; M. Gherardi. S. Vanin. Forensic entomology and the estimation of the minimum time since death in indoor cases. J. Forensic Sci. 60(2): 525-531 (2015) doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12647.21

S. Reibe; B. Madea. How promptly do blowflies colonise fresh carcasses? A study comparing indoor with outdoor locations. Forensic Sci. Int. 195(1-3): 52-57 (2010) doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.11.009

G.S. Anderson. Comparison of decomposition rates and faunal colonization of carrion in indoor and outdoor environments. J. Forensic Sci. 56(1): 136-142 (2011) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01539.x

K.P. Vairo; R.C. Corrêa; M.C. Lecheta; M.F. Caneparo; K.M. Mise; D. Preti; C.J.B. Carvalho; L.M. Almeida; M.O. Moura Forensic use of a subtropical blowfly: the first case indicating minimum postmortem interval (mPMI) in southern Brazil and first record of Sarconesia chlorogaster from a human corpse. J. Forensic Sci. 60, 1-4 (2015) doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12596

J.R. Pujol-Luz; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. One hundred years of forensic entomology in Brazil (1908-2008). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(4): 485-492 (2008a) doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000400001

B. Greenberg. Forensic entomology: case studies. Am. Entomol. 31(4): 25-28 (1985) doi: 10.1093/besa/31.4.25

S.D. Vasconcelos; T.F. Soares; D.L. Costa. Multiple colonization of a cadaver by insects in an indoor environment: first record of Fannia trimaculata (Diptera: Fanniidae) and Peckia (Peckia) chrysostoma (Sarcophagidae) as colonizers of a human corpse. Int. J. Legal Med. 128(1): 229-233 (2014) doi: 10.1007/s00414-013-0936-2

C.J.B.D. Carvalho; C.A.D. Mello-Patiu. Key to the adults of the most common forensic species of Diptera in South America. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(3): 390-406 (2008) doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000300012

M.L. Goff A Fly for the Prosecution: How Insects Evidence Helps Solve Crimes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 240p (2001).

Y. Ramos-Pastrana; M. Wolff. Postmortem interval estimation based on Chrysomya albiceps (Diptera, Calliphoridae) in a forensic case in the Andean Amazon, Caquetá, Colombia. Acta Amazon 47(4): 369-374 (2017).

L.G. Higley; N.H. Haskell Insect development and forensic entomology. In: Byrd JH, Castner JL (eds) Forensic entomology – the utility of arthropods in legal investigations. CRC Press, Boca Raton. pp. 287–302 (2001).

S. Reibe; P.V. Doetinchem; B. Madea. A new simulation-based model for calculating post-mortem intervals using developmental data for Lucilia sericata (Dipt.: Calliphoridae). Parasitol. Res. 107(1): 9-16 (2010) doi: 10.1007/s00436-010-1879-x

E.M.V. Milward-de-Azevedo; V.M. Carraro; C. Martins; O.I. Moreira, M. Cruz; I. Serafin. Desenvolvimento pós-embrionário de Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) em diferentes temperaturas, sob condições experimentais. Arq. Biol. Tecnol. 39(4): 793-798 (1996).

H.L. Luiz; T.L. Taira; W.W. Koller. New records of Muscidae (Diptera) in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. 21(4): 412-414 (2012).

M.C. Paula; G.M. Morishita; C.H. Cavarson; C.R. Gonçalves; P.R. Tavares; A. Mendonça; Y.R. Súarez; W.F. Antonialli-Junior. Action of ants on vertebrate carcasses and blow flies (Calliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 53(6): 1283-1291 (2016) doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw119

M.C. Paula; W.F. Antonialli-Junior; A. Mendonça; K.B. Michelutti; A.D.M.M. Eulalio; C.A.L. Cardoso; T.T. Lima; C.J. Von Zuben Chemotaxonomic profile and intraspecific variation in the blow fly of forensic interest Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 54(1): 14-23 (2017) doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw142

E.P. Catts. Problems in estimating the postmortem interval in death investigations. J. Agricult. Entomol. 9(4): 245-255 (1992).

J.D. Wells; L.R. LaMotte. Estimating maggot age from weight using inverse prediction. J. Forensic Sci. 40(4): 585-590 (1995).

P.J. Thyssen; M.F. Aquino; N.C. Purgato; E. Martins; A.A. Costa; C.G. Lima; C.R. Dias. Implications of entomological evidence during the investigation of five cases of violent death in Southern Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. Res 2: 001-008 (2018) doi: 10.29328/journal.jfsr.1001013

R.P. Hobson. Studies on the nutrition of blow-fly larvae: I. Structure and function of the alimentary tract. J. Exp. Biol. 8(2): 109-123 (1931).

R.P. Hobson. Studies on the nutrition of blow-fly larvae. In: Hobson R.P., eds. The liquefaction of muscle. J. Exp. Biol. 9(4): 359-365 (1932).

C.P. Campobasso; F. Introna. The forensic entomologist in the context of the forensic pathologist’s role. Forensic Sci. Int, 120(1-2): 132-139 (2001) doi: 10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00425-X

J. Oliveira-Costa; M.M. Carneiro. Caso de estudo – Evidências entomológicas associadas à causa jurídica da morte e o intervalo post mortem. Porto Alegre: Resumos do Brasil Forense (2002).

J.R. Pujol-Luz; H. Marques; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; J.A. Rafael; F.H. Santana; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. A forensic entomology case from the Amazon rain forest of Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 51(5): 1151-1153 (2006) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00217.x

J.R. Pujol-Luz; P.A.D.C. Francez; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; R. Constantino. The Black Soldier‐fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), Used to Estimate the Postmortem Interval in a Case in Amapá State, Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 53(2): 476-478 (2008b) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00659.x

REFERENCES

M.L. Goff; W.D. Lord. Entomotoxicology. A new area for forensic investigation. Am. J. Forensic Med. Pathol. 15(1): 51-57 (1994).

L.M.L. Carvalho; A.X. Linhares. Seasonality of insect succession and pig carcass decomposition in a natural forest area in southeastern Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 46(3): 604-608 (2001) doi: 10.1520/JFS15011J

J.H. Byrd; J.L. Castner. Insects of forensic importance. Byrd y Castner (Eds.). Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations. 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA (2010).

J. Amendt; R. Krettek; R. Zehner. Forensic entomology. Naturwissenschaften 91(2): 51-65 (2004) doi: 10.1007/s00114-003-0493-5

K. Jordaens; G. Sonet; R. Richet; E. Dupont; Y. Braet; S. Desmyter. Identification of forensically important Sarcophaga species (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) using the mitochondrial COI gene. Int. J. Legal Med. 127(2): 491-504 (2013) doi: 10.1007/s00414-012-0767-6.

J. Oliveira-Costa. Entomologia Forense - Quando os insetos são vestígios. Campinas, Millennium; 257 (2013).

C. Ames; B. Turner. Low temperature episodes in development of blowflies: implications for postmortem interval estimation. Med. Vet. Entomol. 17(2): 178-186 (2003) doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2915.2003.00421.x

N. Haskell; E.P. Catts. Entomology and death: a procedural guide. Joyce's Print Shop. Clemson (1990).

D. Charabidze; A. Depeme; C. Devigne; V. Hedouin. Do necrophagous blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) lay their eggs in wounds? Experimental data and implications for forensic entomology. Forensic Sci. Int. 253: 71-75 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.05.025

K.G. Smith. A manual of forensic entomology. Oxford: University Printing House (1986).

V. Bugelli; D. Forni; L.A. Bassi; M. Di Paolo; D. Marra; S. Lenzi; C. Toni; M. Giusiani; R. Domenici; M. Gherardi. S. Vanin. Forensic entomology and the estimation of the minimum time since death in indoor cases. J. Forensic Sci. 60(2): 525-531 (2015) doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12647.21

S. Reibe; B. Madea. How promptly do blowflies colonise fresh carcasses? A study comparing indoor with outdoor locations. Forensic Sci. Int. 195(1-3): 52-57 (2010) doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.11.009

G.S. Anderson. Comparison of decomposition rates and faunal colonization of carrion in indoor and outdoor environments. J. Forensic Sci. 56(1): 136-142 (2011) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01539.x

K.P. Vairo; R.C. Corrêa; M.C. Lecheta; M.F. Caneparo; K.M. Mise; D. Preti; C.J.B. Carvalho; L.M. Almeida; M.O. Moura Forensic use of a subtropical blowfly: the first case indicating minimum postmortem interval (mPMI) in southern Brazil and first record of Sarconesia chlorogaster from a human corpse. J. Forensic Sci. 60, 1-4 (2015) doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12596

J.R. Pujol-Luz; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. One hundred years of forensic entomology in Brazil (1908-2008). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(4): 485-492 (2008a) doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000400001

B. Greenberg. Forensic entomology: case studies. Am. Entomol. 31(4): 25-28 (1985) doi: 10.1093/besa/31.4.25

S.D. Vasconcelos; T.F. Soares; D.L. Costa. Multiple colonization of a cadaver by insects in an indoor environment: first record of Fannia trimaculata (Diptera: Fanniidae) and Peckia (Peckia) chrysostoma (Sarcophagidae) as colonizers of a human corpse. Int. J. Legal Med. 128(1): 229-233 (2014) doi: 10.1007/s00414-013-0936-2

C.J.B.D. Carvalho; C.A.D. Mello-Patiu. Key to the adults of the most common forensic species of Diptera in South America. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(3): 390-406 (2008) doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000300012

M.L. Goff A Fly for the Prosecution: How Insects Evidence Helps Solve Crimes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 240p (2001).

Y. Ramos-Pastrana; M. Wolff. Postmortem interval estimation based on Chrysomya albiceps (Diptera, Calliphoridae) in a forensic case in the Andean Amazon, Caquetá, Colombia. Acta Amazon 47(4): 369-374 (2017).

L.G. Higley; N.H. Haskell Insect development and forensic entomology. In: Byrd JH, Castner JL (eds) Forensic entomology – the utility of arthropods in legal investigations. CRC Press, Boca Raton. pp. 287–302 (2001).

S. Reibe; P.V. Doetinchem; B. Madea. A new simulation-based model for calculating post-mortem intervals using developmental data for Lucilia sericata (Dipt.: Calliphoridae). Parasitol. Res. 107(1): 9-16 (2010) doi: 10.1007/s00436-010-1879-x

E.M.V. Milward-de-Azevedo; V.M. Carraro; C. Martins; O.I. Moreira, M. Cruz; I. Serafin. Desenvolvimento pós-embrionário de Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) em diferentes temperaturas, sob condições experimentais. Arq. Biol. Tecnol. 39(4): 793-798 (1996).

H.L. Luiz; T.L. Taira; W.W. Koller. New records of Muscidae (Diptera) in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. 21(4): 412-414 (2012).

M.C. Paula; G.M. Morishita; C.H. Cavarson; C.R. Gonçalves; P.R. Tavares; A. Mendonça; Y.R. Súarez; W.F. Antonialli-Junior. Action of ants on vertebrate carcasses and blow flies (Calliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 53(6): 1283-1291 (2016) doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw119

M.C. Paula; W.F. Antonialli-Junior; A. Mendonça; K.B. Michelutti; A.D.M.M. Eulalio; C.A.L. Cardoso; T.T. Lima; C.J. Von Zuben Chemotaxonomic profile and intraspecific variation in the blow fly of forensic interest Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 54(1): 14-23 (2017) doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw142

E.P. Catts. Problems in estimating the postmortem interval in death investigations. J. Agricult. Entomol. 9(4): 245-255 (1992).

J.D. Wells; L.R. LaMotte. Estimating maggot age from weight using inverse prediction. J. Forensic Sci. 40(4): 585-590 (1995).

P.J. Thyssen; M.F. Aquino; N.C. Purgato; E. Martins; A.A. Costa; C.G. Lima; C.R. Dias. Implications of entomological evidence during the investigation of five cases of violent death in Southern Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. Res 2: 001-008 (2018) doi: 10.29328/journal.jfsr.1001013

R.P. Hobson. Studies on the nutrition of blow-fly larvae: I. Structure and function of the alimentary tract. J. Exp. Biol. 8(2): 109-123 (1931).

R.P. Hobson. Studies on the nutrition of blow-fly larvae. In: Hobson R.P., eds. The liquefaction of muscle. J. Exp. Biol. 9(4): 359-365 (1932).

C.P. Campobasso; F. Introna. The forensic entomologist in the context of the forensic pathologist’s role. Forensic Sci. Int, 120(1-2): 132-139 (2001) doi: 10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00425-X

J. Oliveira-Costa; M.M. Carneiro. Caso de estudo – Evidências entomológicas associadas à causa jurídica da morte e o intervalo post mortem. Porto Alegre: Resumos do Brasil Forense (2002).

J.R. Pujol-Luz; H. Marques; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; J.A. Rafael; F.H. Santana; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. A forensic entomology case from the Amazon rain forest of Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 51(5): 1151-1153 (2006) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00217.x

J.R. Pujol-Luz; P.A.D.C. Francez; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; R. Constantino. The Black Soldier‐fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), Used to Estimate the Postmortem Interval in a Case in Amapá State, Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 53(2): 476-478 (2008b) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00659.x

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J. Oliveira-Costa; M.M. Carneiro. Caso de estudo – Evidências entomológicas associadas à causa jurídica da morte e o intervalo post mortem. Porto Alegre: Resumos do Brasil Forense (2002).

J.R. Pujol-Luz; H. Marques; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; J.A. Rafael; F.H. Santana; L.C. Arantes; R. Constantino. A forensic entomology case from the Amazon rain forest of Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 51(5): 1151-1153 (2006) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00217.x

J.R. Pujol-Luz; P.A.D.C. Francez; A. Ururahy-Rodrigues; R. Constantino. The Black Soldier‐fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), Used to Estimate the Postmortem Interval in a Case in Amapá State, Brazil. J. Forensic Sci. 53(2): 476-478 (2008b) doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00659.x




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15260/rbc.v10i1.467